The US continues to press Moscow from all sides. Rocket launches into the Black Sea, Baltic troop deployments and now Far East naval incursions. While these shows of strength may feel good now, they could yet prove foolhardy.
Ever since ocean-going travel became common, two principles have competed to guide the use of the seas. On the one hand, the principle of mare liberum seeks to minimize restrictions on navigation. On the other hand, the concept of mare clausum aims to maximize states’ ability to limit access to parts of the seas they consider their own territory.
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